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Practical approaches for the treatment of chronic heart failure: Frequently asked questions, overlooked points and controversial issues in current clinical practice [Anatol J Cardiol]
Anatol J Cardiol. 2015; 15(Suppl 2): 1-60 | DOI: 10.5152/AnatolJCardiol.2015.6767

Practical approaches for the treatment of chronic heart failure: Frequently asked questions, overlooked points and controversial issues in current clinical practice

Yüksel Çavuşoğlu1, Hakan Altay2, Ahmet Ekmekçi3, Mehmet Eren3, Mehmet Serdar Küçükoğlu4, Sanem Nalbantgil5, İbrahim Sarı6, Timur Selçuk7, Ahmet Temizhan7, Dilek Ural8, Jean Marc Weinstein9, Dilek Yeşilbursa10, Mehmet Birhan Yılmaz11, Mehdi Zoghi5, Sinan Aydoğdu7, Merih Kutlu12, Necla Özer13, Mahmut Şahin14, Lale Tokgözoğlu13
1Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Eskişehir Osmangazi University, Eskişehir-Turkey
2Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Başkent University, İstanbul-Turkey
3Department of Cardiology, Siyami Ersek Hospital, İstanbul-Turkey
4Department of Cardiology, İstanbul University, Cardiology Institute, İstanbul-Turkey
5Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Ege University, İzmir-Turkey
6Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Marmara University, İstanbul-Turkey
7Department of Cardiology, Ankara Türkiye Yüksek İhtisas Hospital, Ankara-Turkey
8Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Kocaeli University, Kocaeli-Turkey
9Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Ben Gurion University, Bersheva-Israel
10Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Uludağ University, Bursa-Turkey
11Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Cumhuriyet University, Sivas-Turkey
12Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Karadeniz Teknik University, Trabzon-Turkey
13Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Hacettepe University, Ankara-Turkey
14Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, 19 Mayıs University, Samsun-Turkey

Heart failure (HF) is a progressive disorder associated with impaired quality of life, high morbidity, mortality and frequent hospitalization and affects millions of people from all around the world. Despite further improvements in HF therapy, mortality and morbidity remains to be very high. The life-long treatment, frequent hospitalization, and sophisticated and very expensive device therapies for HF also leads a substantial economic burden on the health care system. Therefore, implementation of evidence-based guideline-recommended therapy is very important to overcome its worse clinical outcomes. However, HF therapy is a long process that has many drawbacks and sometimes HF guidelines cannot answers to every question which rises in everyday clinical practice. In this paper, commonly encountered questions, overlooked points, controversial issues, management strategies in grey zone and problems arising during follow up of a HF patient in real life clinical practice have been addressed in the form of expert opinions based on the available data in the literature

Keywords: algorithm, drugs, heart failure, strategies, therapy

Yüksel Çavuşoğlu, Hakan Altay, Ahmet Ekmekçi, Mehmet Eren, Mehmet Serdar Küçükoğlu, Sanem Nalbantgil, İbrahim Sarı, Timur Selçuk, Ahmet Temizhan, Dilek Ural, Jean Marc Weinstein, Dilek Yeşilbursa, Mehmet Birhan Yılmaz, Mehdi Zoghi, Sinan Aydoğdu, Merih Kutlu, Necla Özer, Mahmut Şahin, Lale Tokgözoğlu. Practical approaches for the treatment of chronic heart failure: Frequently asked questions, overlooked points and controversial issues in current clinical practice. Anatol J Cardiol. 2015; 15(Suppl 2): 1-60

Corresponding Author: Yüksel Çavuşoğlu, Türkiye