The Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
Original Investigation - Electriophysiology-Pediatrics

Electroanatomic mapping-guided pediatric catheter ablation with limited/zero fluoroscopy


Departments of Pediatric Cardiology, Division of Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Yüksek İhtisas Training and Research Hospital; Ankara-Turkey

Anatol J Cardiol 2018; 20: 159-164
DOI: 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2018.72687
Read: 199 Downloads: 125 Published: 01 July 2021

Objective: The use of fluoroscopy in pediatric catheter ablation has decreased because of mapping systems. In this study, we present the efficiency and reliability of the electroanatomic mapping system in nonfluoroscopic pediatric catheter ablation. Methods: The medical records of patients aged <18 years who underwent ablation between November 2016 and April 2018 were evaluated. Fluoroscopy was not used in cases involving ablation of right sided-arrhythmia foci. Fluoroscopy was used only for trans-septal puncture or retroaortic approach/coronary angiography. Results: A total of 76 patients underwent catheter ablation for 78 supraventricular and ventricular tachyarrhythmia substrates under the guidance of EnSite Velocity system. Fluoroscopy was used in only 14 (18.4%) of these substrates. The mean fluoroscopy duration in these 14 procedures was 5.4±3.15 min. No complications were noted, except a temporary right bundle branch block in one patient and pericardial effusion in another following cryoablation. The acute success rate in achieving complete elimination of arrhythmia substrates was 97.4% (76/78). The recurrence rate was 5.1% (4/78) at follow-up. Conclusion: Fluoroscopy can be completely eliminated in most pediatric catheter ablation procedures with the use of mapping systems by achieving high acute success rates and acceptable low complication rates.

ISSN 2149-2263 EISSN 2149-2271