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Perivascular adipose tissue in cardiovascular diseases – an update [Anatol J Cardiol]
Anatol J Cardiol. Ahead of Print: AJC-91380 | DOI: 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2019.91380  

Perivascular adipose tissue in cardiovascular diseases – an update

Adriana Grigoras1, Cornelia Amalinei2, Raluca Anca Balan1, Simona Eliza Giusca1, Irina Draga Caruntu1
1Department of Morphofunctional Sciences I-Histology, “Grigore T. Popa” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Iasi, Romania
2Department of Pathology, Institute of Legal Medicine, Iasi, Romania

The perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT) has been recently recognized as an important factor in vascular biology, with implications in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases. The cell types and the precursor cells of PVAT appear to be different according to location, with the component cell type including white, brown, and beige adipocytes. PVAT releases a panel of adipokines and chemokines which maintain vascular homeostasis, but it also has the ability of intervention in the pathogenesis of the atherosclerotic plaques development and in the vascular tone modulation. In this review, we summarize the current knowledge and discuss the role of PVAT, as a major contributing factor in pathogenesis of ischemic coronary disease, hypertension, obesity, and diabetes mellitus. The new perspective of PVAT as an endocrine organ, along with the recent knowledge of the mechanisms involved in dysfunctional PVAT intervention in local vascular homeostasis perturbations represent nowadays a new area of research in cardiovascular pathology, aiming to discover new therapy methods.

Keywords: perivascular adipose tissue, atherosclerosis, obesity, hypertension

Corresponding Author: Cornelia Amalinei, Romania

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