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Smoking cessation in patients with cardiopulmonary diseases [Anatol J Cardiol]
Anatol J Cardiol. 2011; 11(3): 244-249 | DOI: 10.5152/akd.2011.058  

Smoking cessation in patients with cardiopulmonary diseases

Zeynep Pınar Önen1, Elif Şen2, Banu Eriş Gülbay2, Ayperi Öztürk2, Öznur Akkoca Yıldız1, Turan Acıcan2
1Ankara Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Göğüs Hastalıkları Anabilim Dalı, Ankara, Türkiye
2Ankara Üniversitesi, Tıp Fakültesi, Göğüs Hastalıkları Anabilim Dalı, Ankara, Türkiye
3Ankara Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Göğüs Hastalıkları Anabilim Dalı, Ankara, Türkiye

Objective: To determine the smoking cessation rates of outpatients with cardiopulmonary disease and the differences between non-cardiopulmonary diseases. Methods: Two hundred and two active smokers with comorbid diseases were prospectively evaluated between September 2004 and January 2008 in this observational study. All of the patients answered Fagerstrom test for nicotine dependence with a regular questionnaire of general characteristics. Behavioral counseling therapies were administered to all of the subjects. Nicotine replacement therapy, bupropion or combination therapies were the pharmacological therapies after running the baseline spirometry and carbon monoxide oximetry tests. Subjects were classified as patients with cardiopulmonary disease (124) and non-cardiopulmonary diseases (78), based on medical history. Student t and Chi-square tests were used for statistical analyses. Results: The age of smoking was similar but total amount of smoked tobacco was higher (p<0.05) in the cardiopulmonary diseases group. In this group, the main smoking cessation reason was the existing disease (51%) (p<0.05). There was no other significant difference between two groups including treatment protocols. The smoking cessation rates were less (40%) with high relapses (12%) in cardiopulmonary diseases group (p<0.01 and p=0.01 respectively). In the subgroup analysis, treatment procedures were equivalent (p>0.05). Conclusion: Results of this analysis confirm that, tobacco dependence is still a severe but necessary condition for the patients with cardiopulmonary diseases. Additionally neither of the treatment protocols was superior to the others.

Zeynep Pınar Önen, Elif Şen, Banu Eriş Gülbay, Ayperi Öztürk, Öznur Akkoca Yıldız, Turan Acıcan. Smoking cessation in patients with cardiopulmonary diseases. Anatol J Cardiol. 2011; 11(3): 244-249

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