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The value of augmentation index and myocardial performance index obtained from cardiac catheterization pressure recordings in predicting coronary artery disease [Anatol J Cardiol]
Anatol J Cardiol. 2006; 6(2): 121-125

The value of augmentation index and myocardial performance index obtained from cardiac catheterization pressure recordings in predicting coronary artery disease

Mehmet Uzun1, Mustafa Özkan2, Kürşad Erinç3, Cem Köz1, Mehmet Yokuşoğlu4, Cemal Sağ1, Hayrettin Karaeren4, Celal Genç5, Ersoy Işık6
1Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Gülhane Medical Academy, Ankara, Turkey
2Department of Cardiology, Gülhane Military Medical School, Ankara, Turkey
3Department of Cardiology, Gülhane Military Medical Academy, Etlik, Ankara, Turkey
4Department of Cardiology Gülhane Military Medical School, Ankara, Turkey
5Department of Cardiology Faculty of Medicine, Gülhane Military Academy, Ankara, Turkey
6Department of Cardiology School of Medicine, Gülhane Military Medical Academy, Etlik, Ankara

Objective: The aim of the study was to determine the relation between some parameters, which can be obtained from cardiac catheteriza- tion pressure records, and coronary artery disease. Methods: The study included 65 patients, in whom coronary angiography was performed by the cardiologists of the study. The parameters could be obtained in 40 patients (59±6 years; 28 male), and statistical analysis included the data of these patients. From the pressure record- ings, myocardial performance index (MPI), isovolumetric relaxation time (IVRT), isovolumetric contraction time (IVCT), ejection time (ET), augmentation wave amplitude (AW), augmentation wave time (AWT) and augmentation index (AI) were measured manually. Coronary artery disease was defined as the presence of any lesion, without regarding the degree of narrowing. The parameters were evaluated with respect to relation with presence of coronary artery disease (Mann-Whitney U test), relation with risk factors for atherosclerosis (Mann-Whitney U test and Chi square test) and capability of predicting coronary artery disease (area under ROC curve, AUC). Statistical significance was set at 0.05. Results: The presence of coronary artery was significantly related to AI, AWT, AW, IVCT and MPI (p<0.001 for all). The most sensitive para- meters for coronary artery disease were AI (sensitivity 94%, AUC -0.846, p<0.001) and AW (sensitivity 94%, AUC -0.848, p<0.001), while the most specific one was AWT (specificity 82%, AUC -0.833, p<0.001). The MPI and IVCT were weakly related with risk factors, while IVRT had stronger relation. The parameters of augmentation wave were significantly related with high density lipoprotein cholesterol, whereas the relation with low density lipoprotein cholesterol was weak. Conclusion: The parameters, which are obtained from cardiac catheterization pressure recordings, are related with coronary artery disease. They may be useful for predicting future coronary artery disease especially in patients with normal coronary angiogram. It is useful to add these parameters into the reports of coronary angiograms.

Keywords: Heart catheterization, coronary arteriosclerosis, risk factor


Mehmet Uzun, Mustafa Özkan, Kürşad Erinç, Cem Köz, Mehmet Yokuşoğlu, Cemal Sağ, Hayrettin Karaeren, Celal Genç, Ersoy Işık. The value of augmentation index and myocardial performance index obtained from cardiac catheterization pressure recordings in predicting coronary artery disease. Anatol J Cardiol. 2006; 6(2): 121-125


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