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Is there a relationship between resistin levels and left ventricular end-diastolic pressure? [Anatol J Cardiol]
Anatol J Cardiol. 2018; 19(4): 267-272 | DOI: 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2018.66181  

Is there a relationship between resistin levels and left ventricular end-diastolic pressure?

Özge Turgay Yıldırım, Aylin Yıldırır, Leyla Elif Sade, Senem Has Hasırcı, Hatice Kozan, Emre Özçalık, Kaan Okyay, Uğur Abbas Bal, Alp Aydınalp, Haldun Müderrisoğlu
Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Başkent University; Ankara-Turkey

Objective: Resistin, a cysteine-rich peptide, is associated with atherosclerosis and diabetes. Resistin levels increase corresponding to coronary artery disease (CAD) and heart failure severity. Since resistin level tends to elevate with symptomatic heart failure, it is expected to be associated with left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP). However, there is no relevant literature on the relationship between resistin levels and LVEDP. We aimed to evaluate the association between resistin levels and LVEDP, severity of CAD, carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), and echocardiographic diastolic dysfunction parameters.
Methods: For this study, 128 euvolemic patients with creatinine clearance >50 mg/dL and without acute coronary syndrome, who had typical chest pain or were stress test positive, were enrolled. Resistin level was measured by Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) method. Severe CAD is defined as ≥50% stenosis in one of the major coronary arteries. LVEDP was measured during left heart catheterization.
Results: After coronary angiography, 60 patients (46.9%) had severe CAD. The mean LVEDPs were similar for patients with and without severe CAD (p=0.480). The resistin levels did not differ between the groups (p=0.154). The resistin levels did not correlate with LVEDP (r=−0.045, p=0.627), ejection fraction (EF; r=0.110, p=0.228), the Gensini score (r=−0.091, p=0.328), and CIMT (r=0.082, p=0.457). No significant correlation was found between the echocardiographic diastolic dysfunction parameters and resistin levels.
Conclusion: There was no significant correlation between resistin level and LVEDP, CAD severity, echocardiographic diastolic dysfunction parameters, and CIMT. Further studies are warranted to determine the efficacy of resistin in clinical use.

Keywords: resistin, left ventricular end-diastolic pressure, coronary artery disease, carotid intima-media thickness, diastolic dysfunction


Özge Turgay Yıldırım, Aylin Yıldırır, Leyla Elif Sade, Senem Has Hasırcı, Hatice Kozan, Emre Özçalık, Kaan Okyay, Uğur Abbas Bal, Alp Aydınalp, Haldun Müderrisoğlu. Is there a relationship between resistin levels and left ventricular end-diastolic pressure?. Anatol J Cardiol. 2018; 19(4): 267-272

Corresponding Author: Özge Turgay Yıldırım, Türkiye


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