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The prevalence of major cardiovascular risk factors in rural population of the Chui region of Kyrgyzstan: results of an epidemiological study [Anatol J Cardiol]
Anatol J Cardiol. Ahead of Print: AJC-59133 | DOI: 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2020.59133  

The prevalence of major cardiovascular risk factors in rural population of the Chui region of Kyrgyzstan: results of an epidemiological study

Andrey G Polupanov1, Abdimetalip Khalmatov2, Aliina Altymysheva3, Olga S. Lunegova4, Aibek E. Mirrakhimov5, Ibragim S. Sabirov2, Anna Kontsevaya6, Ainagul Dzhumagulova1, Erkin Mirrakhimov1
1National Center of Cardiology and Internal Medicine, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
2Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
3Regional Office of the WHO in Kyrgyz Republic. Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic
4Kyrgyz State Medical Academy, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
5Kyrgyz Society of Cardiology, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
6National Research Center for Preventive Medicine of the Ministry of Health. Moscow, Russia

Aim: To study the prevalence of cardiovascular (CV) risk factors amongst the working population living in the rural area of the Chui region of Kyrgyzstan (Central Asia).
Methods: The sample was representative of the population in terms of age and gender and included at least 10% of the population aged 18-65. Out of 1,672 people included in the cohort, 1,330 people responded to the invitation (79.5% of the total sample). All of the study participants were interviewed with standardized questionnaires and examined by a cardiologist. Blood pressure (BP), weight, height, waist circumference (WC), fasting serum glucose and lipids were measured. Results: The prevalence of the major cardiovascular risk factors in the examined sample were arterial hypertension—34.1%, obesity—25.7%, a high frequency of abdominal obesity—52.3%, significantly more common in women (68.2%), and increased with age. The frequency of lipid metabolism disorders was 88.4% of the examined subjects, and an increased level of low density cholesterol (70.5%) was observed more frequently. Hypodynamia was detected in 15.6%, diabetes mellitus in 3.76%, and a family history of cardiovascular disease in 34.8% of the examined subjects. The frequency of smoking was 24.6% and was significantly higher in men (46.9%).
Conclusion: Abdominal obesity, followed by hypercholesterolemia and arterial hypertension were the most frequent risk factors among the rural population of the Chui region of Kyrgyzstan. Smoking was found to be the most frequent risk factor in men.

Keywords: epidemiology, cardiovascular risk factors, arterial hypertension, hyperlipidemia, obesity, diabetes mellitus, smoking


The prevalence of major cardiovascular risk factors in rural population of the Chui region of Kyrgyzstan: results of an epidemiological study

Andrey G Polupanov1, Abdimetalip Khalmatov2, Aliina Altymysheva3, Olga S. Lunegova4, Aibek E. Mirrakhimov5, Ibragim S. Sabirov2, Anna Kontsevaya6, Ainagul Dzhumagulova1, Erkin Mirrakhimov1
1National Center of Cardiology and Internal Medicine, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
2Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
3Regional Office of the WHO in Kyrgyz Republic. Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic
4Kyrgyz State Medical Academy, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
5Kyrgyz Society of Cardiology, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
6National Research Center for Preventive Medicine of the Ministry of Health. Moscow, Russia

Aim: To study the prevalence of cardiovascular (CV) risk factors amongst the working population living in the rural area of the Chui region of Kyrgyzstan (Central Asia).
Methods: The sample was representative of the population in terms of age and gender and included at least 10% of the population aged 18-65. Out of 1,672 people included in the cohort, 1,330 people responded to the invitation (79.5% of the total sample). All of the study participants were interviewed with standardized questionnaires and examined by a cardiologist. Blood pressure (BP), weight, height, waist circumference (WC), fasting serum glucose and lipids were measured. Results: The prevalence of the major cardiovascular risk factors in the examined sample were arterial hypertension—34.1%, obesity—25.7%, a high frequency of abdominal obesity—52.3%, significantly more common in women (68.2%), and increased with age. The frequency of lipid metabolism disorders was 88.4% of the examined subjects, and an increased level of low density cholesterol (70.5%) was observed more frequently. Hypodynamia was detected in 15.6%, diabetes mellitus in 3.76%, and a family history of cardiovascular disease in 34.8% of the examined subjects. The frequency of smoking was 24.6% and was significantly higher in men (46.9%).
Conclusion: Abdominal obesity, followed by hypercholesterolemia and arterial hypertension were the most frequent risk factors among the rural population of the Chui region of Kyrgyzstan. Smoking was found to be the most frequent risk factor in men.

Anahtar Kelimeler: epidemiology, cardiovascular risk factors, arterial hypertension, hyperlipidemia, obesity, diabetes mellitus, smoking




Corresponding Author: Erkin Mirrakhimov, Kyrgyzstan


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