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Noninvasive, automatic optimization strategy in cardiac resynchronization therapy [Anatol J Cardiol]
Anatol J Cardiol. 2007; 7(Suppl 1): 209-212

Noninvasive, automatic optimization strategy in cardiac resynchronization therapy

Matthias Reumann1, Brigitte Osswald2, Olaf Doessel3
1Computational Biology Center, IBM TJ Watson Research Center, New York, USA
2Department of Cardiac Surgery, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany
3Institute of Biomedical Engineering, Karlsruhe University (TH), Karlsruhe, Germany

Objective: Optimization of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is still unsolved. It has been shown that optimal electrode position,atrioventricular (AV) and interventricular (VV) delays improve the success of CRT and reduce the number of non-responders. However, noautomatic, noninvasive optimization strategy exists to date. Methods: Cardiac resynchronization therapy was simulated on the Visible Man and a patient data-set including fiber orientation and ventricular heterogeneity. A cellular automaton was used for fast computation of ventricular excitation. An AV block and a left bundle branch block were simulated with 100%, 80% and 60% interventricular conduction velocity. A right apical and 12 left ventricular lead positions were set. Sequential optimization and optimization with the downhill simplex algorithm (DSA) were carried out. The minimal error between isochrones of the physiologic excitation and the therapy was computed automatically and leads to an optimal lead position and timing. Results: Up to 1512 simulations were carried out per pathology per patient. One simulation took 4 minutes on an Apple Macintosh 2 GHz PowerPC G5. For each electrode pair an optimal pacemaker delay was found. The DSA reduced the number of simulations by an order of magnitude and the AV-delay and VV- delay were determined with a much higher resolution. The findings are well comparable with clinical studies. Conclusion: The presented computer model of CRT automatically evaluates an optimal lead position and AV-delay and VV-delay, which can be used to noninvasively plan an optimal therapy for an individual patient. The application of the DSA reduces the simulation time so that the strategy is suitable for pre-operative planning in clinical routine. Future work will focus on clinical evaluation of the computer models and integration of patient data for individualized therapy planning and optimization.

Keywords: Cardiac resynchronization therapy, automatic optimization, computer models


Matthias Reumann, Brigitte Osswald, Olaf Doessel. Noninvasive, automatic optimization strategy in cardiac resynchronization therapy. Anatol J Cardiol. 2007; 7(Suppl 1): 209-212


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