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Does electrocardiogram help in identifying the culprit artery when angiogram shows both right and circumflex artery disease in inferior myocardial infarction? [Anatol J Cardiol]
Anatol J Cardiol. 2020; 23(6): 318-323 | DOI: 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2020.24583  

Does electrocardiogram help in identifying the culprit artery when angiogram shows both right and circumflex artery disease in inferior myocardial infarction?

Özlem Yıldırımtürk1, Emre Aslanger2, Emrah Bozbeyoğlu1, Barış Şimşek1, Mustafa Aytek Şimşek2, Yusuf Sinan Aydın1, Can Yücel Karabay1, Muzaffer Murat Değertekin2
1Department of Cardiology, Dr. Siyami Ersek Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Training and Research Hospital; İstanbul-Turkey
2Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Yeditepe University Hospital; İstanbul-Turkey

Objective: In a subgroup of patients with inferior myocardial infarction (MI), both the right coronary artery (RCA) and circumflex coronary artery (Cx) show potentially culprit lesions, and angiography may be insufficient to determine which artery is responsible for the clinical presentation. Although many electrocardiographic (ECG) algorithms have been proposed for identifying the infarct-related artery in patients with inferior MI, it is unclear whether the current algorithms have the discriminative power to identify the real culprit artery in these patients.
Methods: The patients with the diagnosis of acute inferior MI and underwent coronary angiography were enrolled in the study. The prediction of the infarct-related artery was attempted from the admission ECG using published algorithms and criteria. For the angiographic definition of the infarct-related artery, multiple criteria were used.
Results: Total 417 inferior MI cases were enrolled during the study period; the final patient population comprised of 318 patients. Forty-five patients (14.2%) had both RCA and Cx lesions on coronary angiography. Although several criteria and algorithms are able to identify the infarct-related artery in the general inferior MI population, they lose their strength in patients with both RCA and Cx lesions. Only the Aslanger-Bozbeyoğlu criterion emerges as a more powerful diagnostic test with a sensitivity, specificity, and c-statistic of 80%, 48%, and 0.650, respectively for the whole population (p<0.001) and 81%, 58%, and 0.709, respectively, for patients with both RCA and Cx lesions (p=0.019).
Conclusion: The Aslanger-Bozbeyoğlu criterion is not only helpful in differentiating the infarct territory in combined inferior and anterior ST-segment elevation as previously shown, but also valuable in identifying the infarct-related artery in patients with inferior STEMI with critical lesions in both the RCA and the Cx. (Anatol J Cardiol 2020; 23: 318-23)

Keywords: coronary occlusion, electrocardiogram, infarct-related artery, myocardial infarction, ST-segment elevation


Özlem Yıldırımtürk, Emre Aslanger, Emrah Bozbeyoğlu, Barış Şimşek, Mustafa Aytek Şimşek, Yusuf Sinan Aydın, Can Yücel Karabay, Muzaffer Murat Değertekin. Does electrocardiogram help in identifying the culprit artery when angiogram shows both right and circumflex artery disease in inferior myocardial infarction?. Anatol J Cardiol. 2020; 23(6): 318-323

Corresponding Author: Emre Aslanger, Türkiye


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