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Magnetocardiography provides non-invasive three-dimensional electroanatomical imaging of cardiac electrophysiology [Anatol J Cardiol]
Anatol J Cardiol. 2007; 7(Suppl 1): 23-28

Magnetocardiography provides non-invasive three-dimensional electroanatomical imaging of cardiac electrophysiology

Riccardo Fenici1, Donatella Brisinda1
Clinical Physiology - Biomagnetism Research Center, Catholic University, Rome, Italy

Objective: More than two decades of research work have shown that magnetocardiographic mapping (MCG) is reliable for non-invasive three-dimensional electroanatomical imaging (3D-EAI) of arrhythmogenic substrates. Magnetocardiographic mapping is now become appealing to interventional electrophysiologists after recent evidence that MCG-based dynamic imaging of atrial arrhythmias could be useful to classify patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) before ablation and to plan the most appropriate therapeutic approach. This article will review some key-points of 3D-EAI and discuss what is still missing to favor clinical applicability of MCG-based 3D-EAI. Methods: Magnetocardiographic mapping is performed with a 36-channel unshielded mapping system, based on DC-SQUID sensors coupled to second-order axial gradiometers (pick-up coil 19 mm and 55-70 mm baselines; sensitivity of 20 fT/√Hz in above 1 Hz), as part of the electrophysiologic investigation protocol, tailored to the diagnostic need of each arrhythmic patient. More than 500 arrhythmic patients have been investigated so far. Results: The MCG-based 3D-EAI has proven useful to localize well-confined arrhythmogenic substrates, such as focal ventricular tachycardia or preexcitation, to understand some causes for ablation failure, to study atrial electrophysiology including spectral analysis and localization of dominant frequency components of AF. However, MCG is still missing software tools for automatic and/or interactive 3D imaging, and multimodal data fusion equivalent to those provided with systems for invasive 3D electroanatomical mapping. Conclusion: Since there is an increasing trend to favor interventional treatment of arrhythmias, clinical application of MCG 3D-EAI is foreseen to improve preoperative selection of patients, to plan the appropriate interventional approach and to reduce ablation failure.

Keywords: Magnetocardiography, body surface cardiac mapping, electroanatomical imaging, mathematical modeling, atrial fibrillation, catheter ablation

Riccardo Fenici, Donatella Brisinda. Magnetocardiography provides non-invasive three-dimensional electroanatomical imaging of cardiac electrophysiology. Anatol J Cardiol. 2007; 7(Suppl 1): 23-28

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